PACEA — De la Préhistoire à l'Actuel : Culture, Environnement et Anthropologie.

PACEA — De la Préhistoire à l’Actuel : Culture, Environnement et Anthropologie. UMR 5199, Université de Bordeaux, CNRS.


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Environments, demographics and life-ways

par Frédéric Santos - publié le , mis à jour le

Coordinators : Isabelle Crevecoeur and Mathieu Langlais

This theme focuses on the study of prehistoric cultures, lifeways and demography in relation to bio-environmental and climatic variations, from the earliest Palaeolithic to the Neolithic. It makes use of spatial, environmental, palaeogenetic and cultural approaches to several key moments of human evolution (the Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene, the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition, the Last Glacial Maximum and Early Holocene) in multiple regions that played an important role in prehistory (e.g. the Aquitaine Basin, East Africa). This interdisciplinary perspective incorporates the development of new approaches to address the mechanisms driving human evolution and demographic expansions using data and methods from palaeobiology to material culture studies. This theme brings together prehistorians, zooarchaeologists, geologists and palaeoanthropologists.

The goal of this theme is to unite research – fieldwork, analysis, broad syntheses – in order to generate new insights for the peopling of several areas of the Old and New World. The theme is organised into 6 research programmes (see below), articulated around various chronological and or macro-regional issues. Emphasis is placed on interactions between the environment and lifeways in order to shed light on the adaptive responses of different populations and produce a clearer understanding of the weight of cultural traditions. To this end, data acquisition and analysis is systematically integrated with a critical evaluation of site formation processes and the preservation of archaeological and paleontological sites. Results are also compared to environmental data produced by PACEA or available elsewhere. Research equally focuses on human biological and behavioural changes during numerous key moments.

Research programmes

  • Environmental and cultural contexts of the earliest human groups. Coord. : Anne Delagnes.
  • Neanderthal and modern human populations in Western Europe. Coord. : Jean-Philippe Faivre.
  • Hunter-gatherers from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene Climate Optimum (Europe/Africa). Coord. : Sylvain Ducasse and Véronique Laroulandie.
  • Origin and diversity of Neolithic and Protohistoric groups in Western Europe. Coord. : Stéphane Rottier and Marie-France Deguilloux.
  • Population expansions and contractions in island or inhospitable contexts. Coord. : William Banks.
  • Human-carnivore interactions : competition, commensalism and domestication. Coord. : Jean-Baptiste Mallye.